Each person below represents ~125,000 people.
CHD is a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart (also known as 'ischemic heart disease')
Major risk factors: High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, diabetes, advancing age, inherited (genetic) disposition.
Other risk factors: Poverty, low educational status, poor mental health (depression), inflammation and blood clotting disorders.
For this piece, CHD refers to CD-10 codes I20–I25 ('B.2.2 Ischemic heart disease' on GHDx)
Strokes are caused by a disruption of the blood supply to the brain. This may result from either blockage (ischaemic stroke) or rupture of a blood vessel (haemorrhagic stroke).
Risk factors: High blood pressure, atrial fibrillation (a heart rhythm disorder), high blood cholesterol, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, diabetes, and advancing age.
For this piece, stroke refers to CD-10 codes I60-63, I65-69 & G45-46 ('B.2.3 Stroke' on GHDx)
11.7% of deaths due to stroke
15.6% of deaths due to CHD
10.5% of deaths due to stroke
16.0% of deaths due to CHD
In the past it was widely assumed that the occurrence and outcomes of CVDs such as CHD and stroke were the same for men and women, and that what was learnt from studies involving only men would be equally applicable to women.1
It is now recognised that there are a range of differences, from how a disease presents itself and what symptoms are considered 'typical', to the ability to access health care and the treatment given. For example:
1. Women less likely than men to receive high-intensity statins following a heart attack
2. Cardiovascular Disease and the Female Disadvantage
3. Smoking, diabetes and high blood pressure increase women’s risk of experiencing a heart attack more than men’s, new research shows